Happy Birthday Greenwich Village Historic District Extension II!
Avenue of the Americas in the GVHD Extension II

Happy Birthday Greenwich Village Historic District Extension II!

Avenue of the Americas in the GVHD Extension II

Avenue of the Americas in the GVHD Extension II

This past Wednesday marks six years since the designation of the Greenwich Village Historic District Extension II (click HERE for the designation report),which was Phase I of GVSHP’s proposed South Village Historic District from 2006.  This 235-building, 12 block designation was at the time the largest expansion of landmark protections in Greenwich Village since 1969.

 

 

 

 

 

Map of the Greenwich Village Historic District Extension II

Map of the Greenwich Village Historic District Extension II

The Greenwich Village Historic District Extension II is located along the southwest boundary of the Greenwich Village Historic District, primarily between Sixth and Seventh Avenues.  It includes row houses, tenements, stables and public and institutional structures that illustrate the development of the area.  The district retained its colonial street pattern even after the adoption of the Manhattan grid plan in 1811.  The oldest buildings within the district are modest examples of two-an-a-half and three story Federal and Greek Revival row houses dating from the 1810’s to the 1850’s when this area was a desirable residential area.  Before and after the Civil War, tenements were built to house the incoming immigrant population and there are excellent examples of pre-law, old-law and new law configurations designed in the Italianate, neo-Grec, Queen Anne Romanesque and Renaissance Revival Styles.  From the Civil War to the turn of the century, thousands of European immigrants settled in Greenwich Village’s southern section.  The dominant Irish, German, and later Italian immigrant groups created working-class communities centered around social institutions.  Institutional and religious structures also have a strong presence in the historic district and larger commercial buildings as well, particularly along the Avenues and at major intersections.

18-20 Cornelia Street, 1871, William E. Waring. Among the earliest purpose-built tenement in the district

18-20 Cornelia Street designed in 1871 by William E. Waring; among the earliest purpose-built tenement in the district

7 Leroy Street, Federal style row house with horsewalk

7 Leroy Street, c. 1830-31, Federal style row house with horsewalk

 

Our Lady of Pompeii Church, 1928, Matthew Del Gaudio. This replaced an earlier structure when the first was demolished due to the widening of Sixth Avenue

Our Lady of Pompeii Church, 1928, Matthew Del Gaudio. This replaced an earlier church structure when the first was demolished due to the widening of Sixth Avenue

 

New York Public Library, Hudson Park Branch, 66 Leroy Street, 1906, Carrere & Hastings

New York Public Library, Hudson Park Branch, 66 Leroy Street designed in 1906 by Carrere & Hastings

 

Varitype Building, 333-337 Sixth Avenue. The most prominent commercial building in the district, designed in 1907, Fred Eberling

Varitype Building, 333-337 Sixth Avenue. The most prominent commercial building in the district, designed in 1907 by Fred Eberling

 

Current status of GVSHP's South Village landmarking effort

Current status of GVSHP’s South Village landmarking effort

The designation of this district was the first victory in creating landmark protections for the South Village and GVSHP continued to fight for the same for the rest of the proposed South Village.  On April 10, 2011, GVSHP held a rally in front of the Children’s Aid Society on Sullivan Street calling upon the City to landmark the remaining two-thirds of the proposed South Village Historic District as soon as possible We continued the pressure by seeking New York State “Seven to Save” designation for the South Village.  On March 21, 2012, Jay DiLorenzo, President of the Preservation League of the State of New York announced the inclusion of the South Village on the League’s annual “Seven to Save” list, which highlights endangered historic places throughout the state.  To further increase the pressure, we also pursued listing for the entire South Village on the New York State and National Registers of Historic Places, which was finalized in December of 2013 (click HERE for the designation report).  We then made a great leap forward when in December 2013 the LPC finally designated the South Village Historic District (map), a two hundred forty-building, thirteen-block section of Greenwich Village south of Washington Square Park, and the second phase of the Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation’s (GVSHP) proposed South Village Historic District.  

GVSHP has continued to push the City to designate the final third of the South Village in order to provide the same landmarks protections the area to the north now enjoys.  Additionally, GVSHP has proposed the rezoning of the South Village to the City as was done in the East Village in order to protect the neighborhood from out of scale development.

If you want to help protect the South Village, click HERE, to send a letter to City officials and click HERE for the latest news.

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